Prior to any massage therapy taking place you will be asked to complete a health questionnaire. This is designed to highlight any medical reason why massage might be harmful to the subject and that a GP’s agreement to massage should be gained.
A contraindication is a factor that renders the administration of a treatment being carried out. In massage there are different types of contraindications and they have been listed below:
Total contraindications are those that require a physician’s evaluation to rule out serious underlying conditions before any massage is performed. If the physician recommends massage, then the physician will need to help the therapist develop a comprehensive treatment plan. A massage should not take place if the client has any total contraindications.
Local contraindications are those that relate to a specific area of the body and means that massage may be provided but not to the problematic area e.g. around an infection.
Medical contraindications all require GP permission before any massage treatment can take place.
Below is a list of contraindications to massage, however the therapist will use a set of medical and therapeutic guidelines pertinent to clinical applications and recent research development to establish if massage safe for you as an individual;-
- When a contagious disease may be transmitted to the massage therapist or to the client.
- Where there is an abnormal temperature – hot or cold.
- In cases of dehydration or under the influence of Alcohol/ Drugs
- Where there are general symptoms not diagnosed by a physician.
- If the client is feeling unwell
- Deep Vein Thrombosis
- Neuritis – inflammation affecting a nerve
- Haemophilia – inherited risk of blood clotting
- Near suspected fractures.
- Directly over open wounds or burns.
- Over varicose veins.
- Where blood clots or phlebitis are present or suspected.
- Over a skin rash.
- Over an inflamed area / acute injury.
- Directly over heavy bruising.
- Over an area of undiagnosed pain.
- Cancer or other tumours
- High and low blood pressure
- Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- Epilepsy (a disorder of the brain marked by the occurrence of convulsive fits)
- Heart disease
- Circulatory/bleeding problems (i.e., haemophilia)
- Lung disease
- Spastic conditions